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1、施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)順序(xu)及總體(ti)要求裝(zhuang)(zhuang)飾(shi)(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)程施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)順序(xu)為(wei):內外結合(he),上下交叉;粗(cu)裝(zhuang)(zhuang)飾(shi)(shi)(shi)在(zai)前,精裝(zhuang)(zhuang)飾(shi)(shi)(shi)在(zai)后(hou)(hou);濕作業在(zai)前,干作業在(zai)后(hou)(hou);樣(yang)板先行,大(da)面積施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)在(zai)后(hou)(hou)。主樓(lou)裝(zhuang)(zhuang)飾(shi)(shi)(shi)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)以五(wu)層(ceng)為(wei)界分為(wei)上下二段(duan)(duan),每段(duan)(duan)砌體(ti)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)完畢后(hou)(hou),即開始從上到下施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)內墻(qiang)、天棚和地面粗(cu)裝(zhuang)(zhuang)飾(shi)(shi)(shi)及外墻(qiang)底糙,裙房(fang)裝(zhuang)(zhuang)飾(shi)(shi)(shi)從三層(ceng)往(wang)下施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong),粗(cu)裝(zhuang)(zhuang)飾(shi)(shi)(shi)按豎向流水施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)方式(shi)跟(gen)隨粗(cu)裝(zhuang)(zhuang)飾(shi)(shi)(shi)從上往(wang)下進(jin)行。

本工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)裝飾(shi)做法較(jiao)多,要(yao)求高(gao),因此,各(ge)分項裝飾(shi)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)前(qian),均應編制(zhi)相應的施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)技(ji)術措(cuo)施(shi)(shi),對施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)準(zhun)備、操作(zuo)工(gong)(gong)藝、質量(liang)標準(zhun)、成品保護作(zuo)出具體(ti)布置和(he)規(gui)定。裝飾(shi)工(gong)(gong)程(cheng)(cheng)所(suo)用材料在訂貨前(qian),需(xu)經設計單位、建設單位、監理單位、施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)單位共(gong)同商定,在使用前(qian)進(jin)行驗(yan)收,不合格者不能使用。施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)中堅持(chi)樣板(ban)引(yin)路(lu),各(ge)種(zhong)裝飾(shi)均應制(zhi)作(zuo)樣板(ban)或樣板(ban)間,經各(ge)方(fang)驗(yan)收認可(ke)后,方(fang)能進(jin)行大面(mian)積施(shi)(shi)工(gong)(gong)。

2、幕墻(qiang)施工本工程(cheng)主樓南立面設計有半隱框(kuang)(隱豎框(kuang))玻(bo)璃幕墻(qiang)。

半(ban)隱框式玻璃(li)幕墻(qiang)豎向完(wan)全依靠結構(gou)膠(jiao)粘貼在(zai)鋁材表面上,所(suo)以,在(zai)制(zhi)作、施工、安裝時各個環節都必(bi)須(xu)(xu)嚴(yan)格把關,精(jing)心組織(zhi)。施工前,按(an)圖(tu)紙要(yao)求和現場條件(jian)編制(zhi)可行的技(ji)術(shu)措(cuo)施,必(bi)須(xu)(xu)完(wan)成空氣滲透性(xing)能(neng)(neng)、雨水滲透性(xing)能(neng)(neng)、抗風壓性(xing)能(neng)(neng)、保(bao)溫性(xing)能(neng)(neng)、隔(ge)聲性(xing)能(neng)(neng)試(shi)驗(yan)和結構(gou)膠(jiao)附著力(li)相溶性(xing)試(shi)驗(yan)。隱框玻璃(li)幕墻(qiang)關鍵在(zai)于膠(jiao),要(yao)求結構(gou)膠(jiao)必(bi)須(xu)(xu)嚴(yan)禁(jin)使用。所(suo)有(you)的鋼(gang)制(zhi)予埋(mai)件(jian)必(bi)須(xu)(xu)作防腐處理,并避免與鋁合(he)金型(xing)材產生(sheng)接觸(chu)性(xing)腐蝕。

玻璃幕墻施工工藝:

檢(jian)驗、分類堆放幕(mu)墻部件(jian)à測量放線à固(gu)定支座安(an)(an)裝à立(li)桿、橫桿安(an)(an)裝à幕(mu)墻玻璃及組件(jian)安(an)(an)裝密封及周邊處理防火隔墻層處理清潔。

提高立桿(gan)、橫桿(gan)的(de)(de)安裝(zhuang)(zhuang)精度是保(bao)證隱性框幕墻(qiang)外(wai)表面平整、連續的(de)(de)基礎,因此(ci),在(zai)測量放(fang)線(xian)時,位置必須準確,次龍骨以豎桿(gan)為依托,在(zai)豎桿(gan)布置完畢后(hou)再安裝(zhuang)(zhuang),所以對橫桿(gan)的(de)(de)彈線(xian)可推后(hou)進(jin)行。放(fang)線(xian)結束后(hou),必須進(jin)行自檢、互檢與專業人員復(fu)檢,做到萬無一(yi)失。

幕(mu)(mu)墻(qiang)(qiang)安(an)裝(zhuang)在(zai)框架就(jiu)(jiu)位(wei)后(hou)(hou)進(jin)行(xing)。首先核(he)對(dui)預埋件(jian)位(wei)置,測量與(yu)幕(mu)(mu)墻(qiang)(qiang)有關的(de)結構實際尺寸,對(dui)不符合(he)要(yao)(yao)求(qiu)(qiu)進(jin)行(xing)處理(li),然后(hou)(hou)檢查(cha)核(he)對(dui)安(an)裝(zhuang)用鐵件(jian)和幕(mu)(mu)墻(qiang)(qiang)組件(jian)。將連接(jie)(jie)鐵桿裝(zhuang)配就(jiu)(jiu)位(wei)。一(yi)(yi)邊安(an)裝(zhuang),一(yi)(yi)邊按照幕(mu)(mu)墻(qiang)(qiang)安(an)裝(zhuang)基準(zhun)線進(jin)行(xing)調整(zheng)(zheng),達(da)到正確位(wei)置后(hou)(hou)作臨(lin)時固定(ding)。等幕(mu)(mu)墻(qiang)(qiang)框架全部就(jiu)(jiu)位(wei)后(hou)(hou),應再作一(yi)(yi)次整(zheng)(zheng)體(ti)檢查(cha),并對(dui)局部不合(he)適的(de)地(di)方(fang)作最后(hou)(hou)調整(zheng)(zheng),全整(zheng)(zheng)幅(fu)幕(mu)(mu)墻(qiang)(qiang)的(de)安(an)裝(zhuang)位(wei)置達(da)到要(yao)(yao)求(qiu)(qiu)。然后(hou)(hou)對(dui)臨(lin)時焊(han)接(jie)(jie)件(jian)進(jin)行(xing)正式焊(han)接(jie)(jie),緊固聯接(jie)(jie)螺(luo)栓并焊(han)牢。所有焊(han)縫均應清(qing)理(li)干(gan)凈(jing)并作防(fang)銹處理(li)。玻璃的(de)安(an)裝(zhuang)要(yao)(yao)待其附近的(de)濕(shi)作業(ye)項目完成,填膠(jiao)前(qian)要(yao)(yao)對(dui)涂膠(jiao)面(mian)進(jin)行(xing)清(qing)理(li),用潔凈(jing)棉紗沾清(qing)潔劑(ji)擦試,晾干(gan)后(hou)(hou)方(fang)可注膠(jiao)。涂膠(jiao)表面(mian)凈(jing)化和注膠(jiao)工(gong)(gong)作是隱框架幕(mu)(mu)墻(qiang)(qiang)安(an)裝(zhuang)最重要(yao)(yao)的(de)工(gong)(gong)作,工(gong)(gong)藝(yi)要(yao)(yao)求(qiu)(qiu)高,風(feng)險大,須嚴格操作工(gong)(gong)藝(yi)并做好檢測記錄。施(shi)工(gong)(gong)時還(huan)要(yao)(yao)按設計要(yao)(yao)求(qiu)(qiu)在(zai)幕(mu)(mu)墻(qiang)(qiang)規定(ding)位(wei)置安(an)裝(zhuang)開啟窗(chuang),窗(chuang)框與(yu)幕(mu)(mu)墻(qiang)(qiang)框結構配合(he)的(de)四邊間隙均勻(yun),窗(chuang)框周邊要(yao)(yao)墻(qiang)(qiang)密封膠(jiao)。安(an)裝(zhuang)玻璃的(de)同時作好清(qing)潔工(gong)(gong)作,保證(zheng)膠(jiao)縫的(de)質量及幕(mu)(mu)墻(qiang)(qiang)表面(mian)的(de)清(qing)潔。

3、花崗(gang)巖墻面(mian)本工程主樓南邊雨蓬側面(mian)及柱為20厚紅色磨(mo)光花崗(gang)巖面(mian),施工時應嚴格按要求(qiu)操作,確保飾面(mian)質量。

掛(gua)貼(tie)(tie)前應對板(ban)(ban)材(cai)(cai)進(jin)行(xing)預(yu)選,將(jiang)尺寸規(gui)格相同、顏(yan)色基本一(yi)致的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)板(ban)(ban)分(fen)(fen)類(lei)放好備用(yong)(yong)(yong)。有缺陷的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)板(ban)(ban)材(cai)(cai)堅決剔除不(bu)用(yong)(yong)(yong)。掛(gua)貼(tie)(tie)前先將(jiang)基層面的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)殘灰、塵土、污(wu)垢清理干凈,光(guang)(guang)滑砼(tong)面必(bi)須要(yao)進(jin)行(xing)打(da)毛(mao)處理。在鑲貼(tie)(tie)前一(yi)天澆水(shui)濕透(tou),然(ran)后(hou)(hou)分(fen)(fen)格彈線(xian)(xian)。按(an)(an)照(zhao)水(shui)平(ping)控制(zhi)線(xian)(xian)安裝(zhuang)通長拉(la)接鋼(gang)筋,每(mei)隔400mm左右(you)在基層上(shang)打(da)進(jin)一(yi)支直徑為3.7mm長62mm射釘或(huo)沿孔(kong)(kong)預(yu)埋(mai)Φ6鋼(gang)筋,用(yong)(yong)(yong)Φ6水(shui)平(ping)直筋與(yu)射釘頭或(huo)預(yu)埋(mai)鋼(gang)筋焊接牢固(gu)(gu)。然(ran)后(hou)(hou)在石(shi)(shi)板(ban)(ban)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)上(shang)、下、左、右(you)坡口,沿厚度中(zhong)央鉆(zhan)孔(kong)(kong),孔(kong)(kong)距不(bu)大于(yu)500mm,并(bing)且每(mei)邊鉆(zhan)孔(kong)(kong)不(bu)少于(yu)2個,孔(kong)(kong)口離開(kai)左、右(you)向板(ban)(ban)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)鑲貼(tie)(tie)面邊上(shang)開(kai)一(yi)通槽(cao),槽(cao)深以能埋(mai)沒錨(mao)固(gu)(gu)銷(xiao)為準。在槽(cao)內插入不(bu)銹鋼(gang)絲錨(mao)固(gu)(gu)銷(xiao),直徑1—2mm,并(bing)用(yong)(yong)(yong)水(shui)泥(ni)膏將(jiang)錨(mao)固(gu)(gu)銷(xiao)含固(gu)(gu)于(yu)孔(kong)(kong)內。水(shui)泥(ni)膏凝(ning)固(gu)(gu)后(hou)(hou),澆水(shui)養護2—3天。安裝(zhuang)時裝(zhuang)好最下一(yi)排(pai)石(shi)(shi)板(ban)(ban)塊(kuai)下口的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)靠尺板(ban)(ban)以作第(di)一(yi)排(pai)石(shi)(shi)板(ban)(ban)的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)依托,按(an)(an)照(zhao)預(yu)排(pai)編(bian)號掛(gua)線(xian)(xian)、吊線(xian)(xian)安裝(zhuang)好第(di)一(yi)排(pai)石(shi)(shi)板(ban)(ban);石(shi)(shi)板(ban)(ban)塊(kuai)上(shang)、下、左、右(you)口的(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)(de)錨(mao)固(gu)(gu)應用(yong)(yong)(yong)雙股東16號銅絲與(yu)基層上(shang)鋼(gang)筋網勾牢固(gu)(gu)。石(shi)(shi)板(ban)(ban)塊(kuai)就(jiu)位核(he)對后(hou)(hou),用(yong)(yong)(yong)楔、卡(ka)具(ju)支撐(cheng)穩定(ding),用(yong)(yong)(yong)1:2.5水(shui)泥(ni)砂漿灌縫。灌縫應根據石(shi)(shi)板(ban)(ban)高(gao)度分(fen)(fen)層進(jin)行(xing),每(mei)層高(gao)200mm左右(you)。安裝(zhuang)完成后(hou)(hou)及時用(yong)(yong)(yong)棉(mian)紗(sha)將(jiang)板(ban)(ban)面擦試干凈,并(bing)按(an)(an)照(zhao)花崗石(shi)(shi)顏(yan)色調制(zhi)水(shui)泥(ni)漿嵌(qian)縫,邊嵌(qian)縫邊擦干凈,以防(fang)止污(wu)染石(shi)(shi)材(cai)(cai)表面,使(shi)之縫隙密實(shi),均勻,外觀潔凈,顏(yan)色一(yi)致,最后(hou)(hou)上(shang)蠟(la)拋光(guang)(guang)。

4、外(wai)墻面磚本工(gong)程(cheng)外(wai)墻立面根據(ju)建(jian)筑立面效果要求,分別采用淡黃(huang)色,藕紅色及棕紅色的外(wai)墻面磚。

面(mian)磚(zhuan)飾面(mian)施(shi)工工藝:清理基層à抄平、彈線(xian)à找規(gui)矩(ju)à墻面(mian)試貼à大面(mian)積鋪貼à勾縫à清理。

施工要(yao)(yao)點:應按(an)設計要(yao)(yao)求(qiu)挑選規格、顏(yan)色(se)一(yi)致(zhi)(zhi)的面(mian)磚使(shi)用前要(yao)(yao)隔夜在(zai)清(qing)水(shui)中浸泡(pao)后(hou)陰干備用。底(di)子抹完后(hou),一(yi)般要(yao)(yao)求(qiu)養護2—4天(tian)方可(ke)貼面(mian)磚。根(gen)據設計要(yao)(yao)求(qiu),統(tong)一(yi)彈(dan)垂直(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)及水(shui)平控制線(xian)(xian),垂直(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)線(xian)(xian)以1m設一(yi)度(du)為宜(yi),水(shui)平控制線(xian)(xian)按(an)5—10排磚間距(ju)設一(yi)度(du)為宜(yi)。一(yi)般要(yao)(yao)求(qiu)橫縫與窗臺(tai)一(yi)致(zhi)(zhi),如按(an)整塊分格,可(ke)采取調整磚縫大(da)小解決。根(gen)據分格在(zai)底(di)子灰從(cong)上到下(xia)彈(dan)出垂直(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)線(xian)(xian)。彈(dan)線(xian)(xian)完畢后(hou)進行(xing)面(mian)磚試貼,樣板經驗收合格后(hou),方可(ke)進行(xing)大(da)面(mian)積鋪貼。

大(da)面(mian)(mian)積鋪(pu)貼(tie)(tie)時(shi)(shi),基層面(mian)(mian)應充分澆水(shui)(shui)濕潤,用面(mian)(mian)磚做灰(hui)(hui)餅(bing),找(zhao)墻面(mian)(mian)、柱面(mian)(mian)、門窗套(tao)等(deng)橫豎(shu)標準,陽角處要雙(shuang)面(mian)(mian)排直,灰(hui)(hui)餅(bing)間距(ju)不應大(da)于(yu)1.5m.鑲貼(tie)(tie)時(shi)(shi),在面(mian)(mian)磚背面(mian)(mian)滿鋪(pu)粘結砂(sha)漿,鑲貼(tie)(tie)后(hou),用小鏟(chan)輕輕敲擊,使之與基層粘結牢固,并用靠尺(chi)(chi)方尺(chi)(chi)隨時(shi)(shi)找(zhao)平(ping)方。貼(tie)(tie)完一皮后(hou)須將磚上口(kou)灰(hui)(hui)刮平(ping),每日下(xia)班(ban)前須清(qing)理(li)(li)干凈。在面(mian)(mian)磚鑲貼(tie)(tie)完成一定流水(shui)(shui)段后(hou),用1:1水(shui)(shui)泥砂(sha)漿(砂(sha)子(zi)需過窗紗篩)勾縫,并應隨時(shi)(shi)將墻面(mian)(mian)清(qing)理(li)(li)干凈,污染較嚴重(zhong)時(shi)(shi),用10%濃度稀酸(suan)擦洗表面(mian)(mian),并隨即用水(shui)(shui)沖凈。

5、水磨(mo)(mo)石(shi)(shi)(shi)樓地(di)(di)(di)面本工程(cheng)根據設(she)計要求大部分(fen)樓地(di)(di)(di)面采用水磨(mo)(mo)石(shi)(shi)(shi),彩(cai)色(顏(yan)色未定)水磨(mo)(mo)石(shi)(shi)(shi)樓地(di)(di)(di)面嵌銅條(tiao),銅條(tiao)厚(hou)2mm;普通水磨(mo)(mo)石(shi)(shi)(shi)樓地(di)(di)(di)面嵌玻璃條(tiao)。

施工前應(ying)(ying)(ying)在(zai)四周墻身彈好+50cm水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)平(ping)(ping)墨線,在(zai)基層上(shang)涂(tu)刷一(yi)層水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)灰水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)為0.4:0.5的素水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)泥(ni)漿(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)。做好灰餅(bing),做灰餅(bing)時應(ying)(ying)(ying)用(yong)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)準儀測出面層平(ping)(ping)均厚度(du),邊測邊做,再用(yong)干硬性水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)泥(ni)砂漿(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)沖筋,鋪抹(mo)1:3水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)泥(ni)砂漿(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)找(zhao)(zhao)平(ping)(ping)層,刮平(ping)(ping)壓(ya)(ya)實。找(zhao)(zhao)平(ping)(ping)層抹(mo)好后(hou)(hou)(hou)應(ying)(ying)(ying)澆水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)養(yang)護(hu)一(yi)天(tian),然后(hou)(hou)(hou)在(zai)找(zhao)(zhao)平(ping)(ping)層上(shang)按設計要求(qiu)彈線,用(yong)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)泥(ni)漿(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)鑲嵌(qian)分格(ge)條(tiao)。分格(ge)條(tiao)應(ying)(ying)(ying)牢(lao)固,接(jie)頭嚴密,頂面在(zai)同(tong)一(yi)平(ping)(ping)面上(shang),并(bing)通線檢查其平(ping)(ping)整度(du)和(he)順(shun)直。分格(ge)條(tiao)嵌(qian)好后(hou)(hou)(hou)隔12小時,開始澆水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)養(yang)護(hu),最少(shao)養(yang)護(hu)2天(tian),然后(hou)(hou)(hou)灑水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)充(chong)分濕(shi)潤基層,并(bing)清除(chu)格(ge)內積水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)浮砂,刷水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)泥(ni)漿(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)一(yi)遍,在(zai)格(ge)子(zi)(zi)(zi)內鋪水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)泥(ni)石(shi)子(zi)(zi)(zi)漿(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)(jiang),用(yong)鐵抹(mo)子(zi)(zi)(zi)抹(mo)平(ping)(ping)壓(ya)(ya)實。鋪前鈄(tou)料時應(ying)(ying)(ying)先將白水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)泥(ni)和(he)顏料反復干拌(ban)(ban)均勻,拌(ban)(ban)完后(hou)(hou)(hou)密篩(shai)幾次(ci),使顏色均勻混合在(zai)白水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)泥(ni)中,并(bing)注意調足(zu)用(yong)量(liang)以(yi)備(bei)補漿(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)之用(yong),以(yi)免多次(ci)調合產生色差,最后(hou)(hou)(hou)按配合比與(yu)石(shi)料攪拌(ban)(ban)均勻,加水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)攪拌(ban)(ban)成水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)泥(ni)石(shi)子(zi)(zi)(zi)漿(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)(jiang),對局部水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)泥(ni)漿(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)較厚處(chu),應(ying)(ying)(ying)適當(dang)補撒一(yi)些石(shi)子(zi)(zi)(zi),壓(ya)(ya)平(ping)(ping)壓(ya)(ya)實,達到表面平(ping)(ping)整,石(shi)子(zi)(zi)(zi)分布均勻。鋪抹(mo)完成的次(ci)日起(qi)澆水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)養(yang)護(hu),約過3—4天(tian),即可進(jin)行磨(mo)光(guang)作業,磨(mo)光(guang)應(ying)(ying)(ying)采(cai)用(yong)“二漿(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)(jiang)三磨(mo)”方法進(jin)行,最后(hou)(hou)(hou)過草(cao)酸出光(guang),打蠟拋(pao)光(guang)。為保證水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)磨(mo)石(shi)質量(liang),應(ying)(ying)(ying)采(cai)取以(yi)下措施:

a、嚴格用料要求(qiu),對同(tong)一(yi)部位、同(tong)一(yi)類型的地面所(suo)需材料,必須(xu)使用同(tong)一(yi)廠、同(tong)一(yi)批號的材料,以(yi)確(que)保面層色(se)澤(ze)一(yi)致。

b、認真做好配(pei)料工作,施工前根據每種顏色所需用量,事先一次配(pei)足。

c、 固(gu)定專人配料,認真(zhen)操(cao)作,嚴格檢查。

d、在同一平面上如有幾(ji)種顏色(se)(se)圖案時,應(ying)先做深色(se)(se),后(hou)(hou)做淺色(se)(se)。待(dai)前一種色(se)(se)漿(jiang)凝固后(hou)(hou),再抹(mo)后(hou)(hou)一種色(se)(se)漿(jiang)。兩(liang)種顏色(se)(se)的色(se)(se)漿(jiang)不應(ying)同時鋪抹(mo),以免(mian)串(chuan)色(se)(se),界線(xian)不清,影響質量。

6、地(di)(di)磚樓地(di)(di)面(mian)(mian)地(di)(di)磚樓地(di)(di)面(mian)(mian)施工前,先清理結構(gou)基層(ceng),在墻(qiang)上(shang)彈好+500mm水平墨線(xian)(xian)以及各(ge)開(kai)間十字線(xian)(xian)和花樣品種分隔線(xian)(xian),然(ran)后(hou)根據基準(zhun)線(xian)(xian)打墩及沖筋(jin),按照沖筋(jin)厚(hou)度(du)(du),用(yong)1:3水泥(ni)干硬性砂漿抹(mo)鋪(pu)結合層(ceng),并(bing)用(yong)刮尺(chi)及木抹(mo)子壓(ya)平打實。然(ran)后(hou)對(dui)照十字中心(xin)線(xian)(xian),在結合層(ceng)上(shang)按地(di)(di)磚規格彈控制(zhi)線(xian)(xian)。控制(zhi)線(xian)(xian)彈出后(hou),先鋪(pu)貼(tie)好左(zuo)右(you)靠(kao)邊基準(zhun)行(xing)(xing)的(de)(de)地(di)(di)磚,以后(hou)根據基準(zhun)行(xing)(xing)由內(nei)向外掛線(xian)(xian)鋪(pu)貼(tie)。鋪(pu)貼(tie)時用(yong)1:1水泥(ni)細砂漿作(zuo)為(wei)粘接材料,并(bing)用(yong)素水泥(ni)漿掃縫。面(mian)(mian)磚縫寬度(du)(du)不大(da)于(yu)2mm,完成(cheng)后(hou)的(de)(de)樓地(di)(di)面(mian)(mian),2天內(nei)嚴禁上(shang)人行(xing)(xing)走及堆放物品,表面(mian)(mian)可撒鋸末保護。

7、瓷(ci)(ci)磚(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)內墻(qiang)本工程普通手術(shu)室(shi)為瓷(ci)(ci)磚(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)內墻(qiang)面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian),基(ji)層(ceng)為12厚1:1:6水泥(ni)石灰(hui)砂(sha)漿,中厚灰(hui)為1:0.3:3水泥(ni)石灰(hui)砂(sha)漿,經刮(gua)平搓毛壓(ya)實,劃成(cheng)麻面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)。然后(hou)預(yu)排瓷(ci)(ci)磚(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)和彈線(xian)(xian)(xian)。同(tong)一(yi)(yi)(yi)墻(qiang)面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)最(zui)后(hou)只能(neng)留一(yi)(yi)(yi)行(排)非(fei)整塊(kuai)(kuai)瓷(ci)(ci)磚(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan),非(fei)整塊(kuai)(kuai)瓷(ci)(ci)磚(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)應排在靠近地面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)或不顯眼的陰(yin)角等位置。瓷(ci)(ci)磚(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)排列自(zi)陽角開(kai)始,至陰(yin)角收口;自(zi)吊頂高(gao)度(du)(du)線(xian)(xian)(xian)開(kai)始,至樓(lou)地面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)收口,排磚(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)后(hou)彈好垂直與水平控制(zhi)線(xian)(xian)(xian)。垂直控制(zhi)線(xian)(xian)(xian)以1米(mi)設(she)一(yi)(yi)(yi)度(du)(du)為宜。水平控制(zhi)線(xian)(xian)(xian)一(yi)(yi)(yi)般按5排磚(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)間距(ju)設(she)一(yi)(yi)(yi)度(du)(du)為宜。瓷(ci)(ci)磚(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)粘貼前(qian)應隔泡水晾(liang)干,澆水濕潤墻(qiang)面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian),先貼好最(zui)下(xia)一(yi)(yi)(yi)排瓷(ci)(ci)磚(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan),以第一(yi)(yi)(yi)排貼好的磚(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)為基(ji)準,用碎瓷(ci)(ci)磚(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)塊(kuai)(kuai)貼基(ji)準點,按基(ji)準點掛(gua)線(xian)(xian)(xian),逐排由下(xia)向上鋪貼。瓷(ci)(ci)磚(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)背面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)應滿涂水泥(ni)膏(2—3mm厚),貼上墻(qiang)面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)后(hou)用鐵抹子木把手著力敲(qiao)擊,使(shi)面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)磚(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)粘牢,同(tong)時用壓(ya)尺(chi)校平磚(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)及上皮,每鋪完一(yi)(yi)(yi)排應重新(xin)檢查(cha)每塊(kuai)(kuai)瓷(ci)(ci)磚(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan),發現(xian)空鼓,應及時掀起加(jia)漿,重新(xin)貼好。鋪貼完畢,用清水將磚(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)洗干凈,用水泥(ni)漿擦縫,再用棉紗(sha)將表面(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)(mian)擦試(shi)干凈。

8、頂(ding)(ding)棚粉刷(shua)首先對砼板(ban)底鑿毛,并用鋼(gang)絲刷(shua)滿(man)刷(shua)一(yi)遍,再澆水(shui)濕潤。根據墻柱上(shang)彈出的水(shui)平(ping)墨線(xian),用粉線(xian)在(zai)頂(ding)(ding)板(ban)下100mm的四(si)周墻面上(shang)彈出一(yi)條水(shui)平(ping)線(xian),作(zuo)為頂(ding)(ding)板(ban)抹(mo)灰的水(shui)平(ping)控制線(xian),拉通線(xian)設置標準墩。在(zai)頂(ding)(ding)板(ban)混凝土濕潤的情況下,先刷(shua)素(su)水(shui)泥漿一(yi)道,隨刷(shua)隨用1:1:6水(shui)泥混合砂漿打底。操作(zuo)時需用力抹(mo)壓,然(ran)后用壓尺刮抹(mo)順平(ping),再用木抹(mo)板(ban)磨平(ping),要求平(ping)整稍毛,不必(bi)光滑,但(dan)不得過于粗糙,不許有凹陷(xian)深痕。

待底灰(hui)約六、七成(cheng)(cheng)干時(shi),即可按設計要(yao)求抹紙(zhi)筋灰(hui)或(huo)(huo)批刮膩子。如(ru)停歇時(shi)間過長,底層(ceng)過分干燥則(ze)應用水(shui)濕潤(run),待面(mian)層(ceng)稍干,要(yao)及時(shi)壓(ya)光,不得(de)有接(jie)縫不平等現象。天花板與(yu)墻(qiang)邊(bian)或(huo)(huo)梁邊(bian)相交(jiao)的陰(yin)角(jiao)成(cheng)(cheng)一條水(shui)平直線,梁端(duan)與(yu)墻(qiang)面(mian),梁邊(bian)相交(jiao)處應成(cheng)(cheng)垂直線,然(ran)后(hou)按設計要(yao)求做涂料、乳膠漆或(huo)(huo)噴塑面(mian)層(ceng)。

9、吊(diao)頂(ding)(ding)施(shi)工吊(diao)頂(ding)(ding)施(shi)工前,首(shou)先要(yao)檢(jian)查結(jie)構(gou)及(ji)設備(bei)施(shi)工情(qing)況,對照吊(diao)頂(ding)(ding)施(shi)工圖,看結(jie)構(gou)尺寸(cun)及(ji)設備(bei)管道標(biao)高能否(fou)滿足建(jian)筑設計要(yao)求(qiu)(qiu),如不符合要(yao)求(qiu)(qiu)應(ying)(ying)進行處理(li)。然后(hou)根據吊(diao)頂(ding)(ding)設計標(biao)高要(yao)求(qiu)(qiu),在四周(zhou)墻面上彈線,彈線的水平允許偏差(cha)±5mm.龍(long)骨(gu)(gu)和(he)吊(diao)頂(ding)(ding)位置(zhi)則彈到樓板(ban)上。主(zhu)龍(long)骨(gu)(gu)端部吊(diao)點(dian)(dian)離(li)墻邊(bian)不應(ying)(ying)大(da)于(yu)300mm.主(zhu)龍(long)骨(gu)(gu)安裝完成應(ying)(ying)作整體校正其(qi)位置(zhi)及(ji)標(biao)高,并應(ying)(ying)在跨(kua)中按規(gui)定起拱(gong),起拱(gong)高度應(ying)(ying)不小(xiao)于(yu)房(fang)間(jian)短向(xiang)跨(kua)度的1/200.如主(zhu)龍(long)骨(gu)(gu)在安裝時(shi)與設備(bei)、預留孔洞或其(qi)它吊(diao)件、燈(deng)具有(you)矛盾時(shi),應(ying)(ying)通知設計人協(xie)調(diao)處理(li)吊(diao)點(dian)(dian)構(gou)造或增設吊(diao)桿。

安裝面板時,要控制面板縫距,拼板處的平整以及縫的通順,做到外形美觀、整齊、不變形、不脫色。


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